Yerbabuena, Frasquito (Francisco Gálvez Gómez)

Frasquito Yerbabuena

The legendary singer Frasquito Yerbabuena or Yerbagüena was born in Granada on an unspecified day in 1883 and was found dead, apparently from a heart attack, in the middle of Pagés Street in the Albaicín neighborhood of Granada on December 7, 1944. His own children took charge of the corpse and, at the same time, […]

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Pittaluga González del Campillo, Gustavo

Gustavo Pittaluga

Composer, orchestra conductor, essayist and renovator of classical music at the head of the so-called Group of Eight, Group of Madrid or Group of the Republic; he was linked to the Generation of ‘27. He was born in Madrid on February 8, 1906, and died in October 1975 in the capital of Spain after a […]

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Niña de los Peines (Pastora Pavón Cruz)

Pastora Pavón Cruz, The Girl of the Combs

Pastora Pavón Cruz, nicknamed Niña de los Peines (Girl of the Combs), is one of the main voices of gypsy and Andalusian flamenco singing of all times. She was born on February 10, 1890 in the Sevillian district of Puerta Osario and died in Calatrava Street in Seville on November 26, 1969. Her name is […]

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Caracol, Manolo (Manuel Ortega Juárez)

Manolo Caracol

Manolo Caracol (nicknamed Snail), artistic name of Manuel Ortega Juárez, was born in Seville in 1909 into an old dynasty to which belonged dozens of renowned singers and bullfighters. He was great-great-grandson of El Planeta; great-grandson of Enrique El Gordo Viejo and Curro Durse; grandson of El Águila; great-nephew of Paquiro and more or less […]

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Landowska, Wanda

Wanda Landowska

Polish keyboardist and pianist. She was a friend and collaborator of Manuel de Falla. She was in Spain on several occasions giving concerts and in Granada in the 1920s. Falla and the group of Granada artists including Federico García Lorca attended her recitals and accompanied her during her stay in the city. She was born […]

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Diego ‘El Tenazas’ (‘The Tongs’) (Diego Bermúdez Cala)

Diego El Tenazas

Gypsy singer, great master of flamenco singing and great connoisseur of ancient and primitive songs. He was one of the winners of the Flamenco Song Contest held in Granada in 1922. He was known as El Tenazas (The Tongs) de Morón because of his birthplace (in Seville, 1850). Son of farmers, at the age of […]

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Torre, Manuel (Manuel Soto Lozano)

Manuel Torre, 'Niño de Jerez'

Gypsy singer belonging to a saga, that of Los Torre (The Towers), headed by his father, so called because of his height. Manuel Torre, also known as Niño de Jerez (Boy from Jerez) and in some documents called Torres, is considered one of the most influential flamenco artists of all time, to the point that […]

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Segura Mesa, Antonio

Antonio Segura Mesa, Federico’s music teacher. / Photo: FGL Foundation

Pianist, composer and free teacher of solfège and harmony at the Municipal School of Music. His musical vocation was manifested when he was only 14 years old with compositions for piano, some of which are preserved in The Granada Album of 1856. At 20 years of age, he is piano accompanist of the School of […]

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Salazar Castro, Adolfo

Adolfo Salazar Castro

Composer, musicologist, critic, historian, journalist and promoter of the composers and intellectuals who were part of the Silver Age of Spanish music. Although self-taught, he maintains a very close relationship with the main composers of the beginning of the century, such as Manuel de Falla and Felipe Pedrell. He is part of almost all the […]

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Molina Zúñiga, José

José Molina Zúñiga

José Molina Zúñiga was a musician from Granada, friend of Ángel Barrios, Isaac Albéniz, Manuel de Falla and Federico García Lorca, who was part of the cast that participated, with Falla and other supporting musicians, in the puppet show on the Three Kings Day in 1923. His fame came as a member of the Trío […]

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López Júlvez, Pilar

Pilar López Júlvez

Spanish dancer and choreographer, sister of Encarnación López Júlvez, La Argentinita. She spent her childhood in Madrid. She learned piano and solfège and met important flamenco figures at a very young age. At the age of eleven she began her career independently, reaping success in theaters such as the Romea, La Latina and the Teatro […]

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López Júlvez, Encarnación (La Argentinita)

Encarnación López Júlvez, La Argentinita

Dancer, choreographer, Spanish and flamenco dancer and singer. Friend and collaborator of Federico García Lorca, she recorded with him five gramophone records in 1931, Collection of Popular Spanish Songs, accompanied on the piano by Federico himself. Her parents, Spanish immigrants, interrupted their stay in Argentina in 1901, when she was only three years old, because […]

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Falla Matheu, Manuel de

Mauel de Falla at his home in Antequeruela Street.

One of the most important Spanish composers of the first half of the 20th century and one of the great innovators of European music at the beginning of the century. Friend and teacher of Federico García Lorca since the musician moved to Granada in 1920. At that time the rapport between the two was “very […]

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Chacón García, Antonio

Antonio Chacón

Spanish flamenco singer. Of unknown parents, he was given as a newborn to the shoemaker Antonio Chacón Rodríguez and his wife, María García Sánchez, who recognized him as their son. In 1922, he presided over the famous Flamenco Song Contest in Granada, organized by Lorca and Manuel de Falla. He stood out as a singer […]

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Barrios Tamayo, Antonio (El Polinario)

Antonio Barrios, 'El Polinario'

Guitarist, singer, art collector, amateur painter and owner of the tavern El Polinario which, for several decades, was the meeting point of prestigious musicologists, composers and young creators who had swarmed the cultural taverns of Granada since the late nineteenth century. He was the father of Ángel Barrios, a composer and guitarist from Granada who […]

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Barrios Fernández, Ángel

Portrait of Angel Barrios, by Manuel Angeles Ortiz.

Spanish composer and guitarist, friend of Federico García Lorca and companion of tertulias in El Rinconcillo and El Polinario tavern. His father, Antonio Barrios Tamayo, nicknamed El Polinario, was also a famous flamenco guitarist and singer, a great friend of Manuel de Falla and of the El Rinconcillo fellow members who frequently went to his […]

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Baldrés, Alfredo

Alfredo Baldrés, born in Xátiva, Valencia, was one of the musicians who was present on Three Kings Day in 1923 at the Lorca’s house on the Acera del Casino and who participated in the puppet play. The music for the entire program was performed by Manuel de Falla (piano and harpsichord), José Gómez (violin), Alfredo […]

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