Romero Murube, Joaquín

Joaquín Romero Murube

He was an article writer, poet, Seville City Hall official, director (warden) of the Alcázar from 1934 to 1969 and a contemporary of the Generation of ’27. He was born in Los Palacios y Villafranca (Seville) on July 18, 1904, and died in the Andalusian capital in 1969. He met Federico García Lorca at the […]

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Mariscal Parado, Luis

Luis Mariscal

Diplomat, journalist and youthful friend of Federico García Lorca, he was born in Granada in 1895 and died in 1941 in San Antonio de Chadmo, in Chile, the country to whose consulate he was sent by the Republic to render his last service. Before that, in a short period of time, he traveled to numerous […]

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Ugarte y Pagés, Eduardo

Eduardo Ugarte

Scenographer, writer, theater and film director, who was born on October 22, 1900, in Fuenterrabía (Guipúzcoa) and died in exile in Mexico on December 30, 1955. After the proclamation of the Second Republic and the appointment of Fernando de los Ríos as Minister of Public Instruction, he accepted García Lorca’s invitation to collaborate in the […]

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Sáenz de la Calzada, Luis

Luis Sáenz de la Calzada

Actor, collaborator and scholar of the traveling theater group La Barraca founded and directed by his friends Federico García Lorca and Eduardo Ugarte (1932 – 1936); he graduated in Biology and also worked as a dentist; he was a scientist, humanist, acting professor of Anthropology and surrealist painter. He was born in León on June […]

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Ramírez de Lucas, Juan

Juan Ramírez de Lucas

Journalist and art critic, who was born in Albacete in 1917 and died in Madrid in 2010. He collaborated in La Estafeta Literaria and authored six books on architecture. He had an intense and truncated love affair with Federico García Lorca in the final years of his life which, according to some researchers, inspired Sonnets […]

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Rivas Mercado Castellanos, María Antonieta

Actress, patron of the arts, writer and cultural promoter, who was born in Mexico City on April 28, 1900, and died by shooting herself in the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris on February 11, 1931, a few months before her 31st birthday and after a double love failure: with her husband, an Englishman whom […]

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Aleixandre y Merlo, Vicente

Vicente Aleixandre

Poet belonging to the Generation of ’27, who was born in Seville in 1898 (“Seville was for me the lightning of my birth”, he writes in the sketch he dedicates to another illustrious fellow countryman, Luis Cernuda) and died in Madrid in December 1984. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1977 and, long […]

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Zambrano Alarcón, María

María Zambrano Alarcón

Philosopher, essayist and writer born in Vélez-Málaga on April 22, 1904, although she was registered in the Civil Registry three days later due to her father’s doubts that she could survive because of her weak health (“I was born half dead, to the point of reaching the edge of death, shrouded even”, she wrote from […]

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Villalón-Daoíz y Halcón, Fernando

Fernando Villalón was a peculiar and fascinating character, almost indefinable if you add up all the titles and hobbies he accumulated in his short life. He was a cattle rancher, as well as a writer and aristocrat (he was Count of Miraflores de los Ángeles), farm owner (among other estates he owned the Cortijo de […]

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Sánchez Mejías, Ignacio

Bullfighter and multifaceted man: president of Betis (football club), actor, polo player, writer, friend of the members of the Generation of ’27 and sponsor of the founding meeting of this literary group together with the cattle rancher Fernando Villalón. He was born in Seville on June 6, 1891, and died in Madrid on August 13, […]

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Salinas Serrano, Pedro

Pedro Salinas Serrano

Professor, poet, playwright, essayist and editor, he was born in Madrid on November 27, 1891, and died in exile in Boston (United States) on December 4, 1951. Like other members, known as “teacher poets”, of the Generation of ’27, he stood out for his brilliant academic career that developed inside and outside Spain. In 1914, […]

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Prieto Muñoz, Gregorio

Gregorio Prieto Muñoz. / Photo: EFE

Painter, photographer and book illustrator, linked to the Generation of ’27, many of whose members he dealt with before and after the Civil War, he was born in Valdepeñas on May 2, 1897, and died in the same city, at the age of 95, on November 14, 1992. Prieto was linked to the avant-garde movements […]

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Prados Such, Emilio

Emilio Prados Such

Poet and printer ascribed to the Generation of ’27, he was born in Málaga on March 4, 1899, and died in exile in Mexico City on April 24, 1962. From the age of fifteen he was linked to the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students’ Residence), first thanks to a children’s scholarship and then, in 1918, as […]

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Ortega y Gasset, José

José Ortega y Gasset

Philosopher and essayist located in the Novecentismo cultural movement, of great influence in Spain in the first third of the twentieth century. He was born in Madrid on May 9, 1883 and died in the same city on October 18, 1955. The influence of his ideas, expressed in books and articles, can be traced in almost […]

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Moreno Villa, José

José Moreno Villa

Poet, archivist, art historian, columnist and painter, he was born in Malaga on February 16, 1887 and died in exile in Mexico on April 25, 1955. He was linked to Federico García Lorca and other intellectuals of the Generation of ’27 through the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students’ Residence) and the Institución Libre de Enseñanza (Free […]

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Méndez Cuesta, Concha

Concah Méndez Cuesta

Poet, playwright and pioneer in the defense of women’s rights, she was born in Madrid on July 27, 1898 and died in exile in Mexico on December 7, 1986. She was part of the Generation of ‘27. A restless traveler, her adult life was a constant coming and going from one country to another until […]

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Mallo, Maruja (Ana María Gómez González)

Maruja Mallo

Surrealist painter belonging to the Generation of ’27, she was born in Viveiro, Lugo, in 1902, and died in Madrid in 1995. One of the freest and most eccentric spirits of the group of plastic artists of the Generation of ’27 who transformed the role of women. She was one of the founders of Las […]

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López Sancho, Antonio

Antonio López Sancho. Self-portrait.

Painter, cartoonist and caricaturist born in the Realejo neighborhood of Granada in 1891 and who died in the same city on July 23, 1959. He belonged to a family dedicated to textile craftsmanship. After training at the School of Fine Arts in Granada in 1915 he went to Madrid with the purpose of making a […]

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León Goyri, María Teresa

Poet, playwright, essayist, intellectual and activist of the Generation of ’27, she married Rafael Alberti in 1932. She Was born in Logroño on October 31, 1903 and died in Majadahonda (Madrid) on December 13, 1988 from Alzheimer’s, a disease of family inheritance and against which she struggles to finish her memoirs. The first symptoms appear […]

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Jiménez Pérez, Luis

Luis Jiménez Pérez

Professor, writer, music critic from Granada and official of the Granada City Council, he belonged to the literary circle of Federico García Lorca and Manuel de Falla in the 1920s. Born at the beginning of the century, he was fourteen years old when he was invited to the tertulia in the garden of the Antequeruela […]

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Hernández Gilabert, Miguel

Miguel Hernández

Spanish writer belonging to the Generation of 1936. He was born in Orihuela (Alicante) in October 1910 into a family of seven siblings of which only four survived. His father was dedicated to the breeding and sale of cattle, a business in which Miguel had to help until he went to Madrid, hence his nickname […]

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Giner de los Ríos García, Gloria

Gloria Giner de los Ríos García

Pedagogue attached to the Institución Libre de Enseñanza (Free Teaching Institution), renovator of the teaching of History and Geography in Spain, teacher at the Normal School in Granada, first, and at Columbia University after the family exile to the United States. She was born in Madrid on March 28, 1886 and died in the same […]

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Gasch i Carreras, Sebastián

Sebastián Gasch

Spanish art critic, writer and journalist. He was a contemporary and friend of Federico García Lorca. He was born in Barcelona in 1897. He left school early and went to work. As a librarian at the Cercle Artístic de Sant Lluc he met Joan Miró, of whom he was a disciple. In 1920, he abandoned […]

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García Carrillo, José María

Federico García Lorca’s close friend since the family moved to Granada from Valderrubio in 1909, member of El Rinconcillo which met at the beginning of the century in the Café Alameda in Granada and whose members included, in addition to the García Lorca brothers, the politician Manuel Fernández-Montesinos, Manuel de Falla, Melchor Fernández Almagro, Antonio […]

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Diego Cendoya, Gerardo

Gerardo Diego

Writer of the Generation of ’27, friend and fellow writer of Federico García Lorca. He was born in Santander on October 3, 1896. He studied Philosophy and Arts in Deusto and obtained his doctorate degree in Madrid. After obtaining a position as a professor of Language and Literature in 1920, he taught in high schools […]

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Chabás Martí, Juan

Juan Chabás

Journalist, poet, storyteller and essayist of the Generation of ’27, friend and fellow writer of Federico García Lorca. He was born in Denia in 1900. He went to high school at the Alliance Française and studied Philosophy and Letters and Law in Madrid. He attended the classes of Emilia Pardo-Bazán, Manuel García Morente, Ortega y […]

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Cerón Rubio, Miguel

A contemporary and friend of Federico García Lorca, member of the El Rinconcillo tertulia and organizer, along with Manuel de Falla and Lorca himself, of the Flamenco Song Contest in 1922. He lived in the Granada of the early twentieth century, in the Paseo de la Bomba, near Fernando de los Ríos. A cultured man, […]

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Cernuda Bidón o Bidou, Luis

Luis Cernuda

Spanish writer of the Generation of ’27, born in Seville in 1902, to a military father. He began to read and write poetry at a very young age. He studied law in Seville in 1919 and was taught by Pedro Salinas, who was his true initiator in the reading of Spanish and French classics. In […]

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Caballero, José

José Caballero. / Photo:

Spanish painter, draftsman, engraver and scenographer, friend and collaborator of Federico García Lorca. He was born in Huelva in 1915, into a well-to-do family. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Huelva, although from the beginning he showed his attachment to surrealism influenced by artists such as Adriano del Valle. In 1929, he […]

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Buñuel Portolés, Luis

Luis Buñuel

Spanish film director, companion and friend of Federico García Lorca during the early years of the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students’ Residence) in Madrid. Luis went to primary and secondary school in Zaragoza. At the age of 17 he went to Madrid and stayed at the Residencia from 1917 to 1924. In that period he was […]

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Bello, Pepín (José Bello Lasierra)

José Bello Lasierra. / Photo: Students’ Residence Archive.

Spanish intellectual, friend of Federico García Lorca and fellow member of the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students’ Residence) in Madrid. He was born in 1904, in Huesca (Aragon). He has been described by Enrique Vila-Matas as one of the great artists without work. As can be seen from the letters and descriptions of him by his […]

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Bagaría i Bou, Luis

Luis Bagaría. Source: Spanish Archives Portal:.

Self-taught Spanish illustrator born in Barcelona in 1882. He was one of the main Spanish caricaturists, friend of Federico García Lorca, whom he interviewed for the newspaper El Sol shortly before his assassination. In his youth he frequented Els Quatre Gats and made theatrical sets. In 1902, he joined the circle of Santiago Rusiñol. He […]

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Altolaguirre Bolín, Manuel

Manuel Altolaguirre

Spanish writer, editor, screenwriter and film director, born in Malaga in 1905, he was a friend and classmate of Federico García Lorca. He came from a well-to-do family in Malaga. His father was a judge and writer. Manuel Altolaguirre went to high school at the Jesuit college in Malaga and studied law in Granada, where […]

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Alonso y Fernández de las Redondas, Dámaso

Dámaso Alonso

Spanish writer and philologist belonging to the Generation of ’27. He was born in Madrid in 1898, where he spent most of his life and where he died in 1990. His father was from Ribadeo and his mother from Los Oscos (Asturias). He spent his early years in Asturias, but he went to high school […]

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Alberti Merello, Rafael

Rafael Alberti.

Spanish poet and playwright belonging to the Group or Generation of 27. Born in Puerto de Santa Maria (Cadiz) on December 16, 1902. His Italian grandparents and his grandmothers, one Irish and the other from Huelva, were grape harvesters, and according to the poet himself “great bourgeois, owners of vineyards and wineries, Catholics to the […]

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Xirgu Subirá, Margarita

Margarita Xirgu

Margarita Xirgu is a Catalan actress who opened the Spanish theater to the new airs of the twentieth century; eventually she became one of the main actresses of Federico García Lorca and one of those who represented more of his works, from Mariana Pineda, in 1927, to The House of Bernarda Alba, premiered posthumously in […]

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Soriano Lapresa (or de la Presa), Francisco

Francisco Soriano Lapresa, portrait of Manuel Ángeles Ortiz.

Lawyer, professor of Law and professor of the music conservatory of Granada, graduated in Philosophy and Arts, influential member of El Rinconcillo; an exotic character, highly cultured and a “perfect dilettante”, according to Francisco García Lorca; member of the Regionalist League of Cambó, UGT trade unionist and qualified representative of the PSOE in the 10th […]

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Salazar Castro, Adolfo

Adolfo Salazar Castro

Composer, musicologist, critic, historian, journalist and promoter of the composers and intellectuals who were part of the Silver Age of Spanish music. Although self-taught, he maintains a very close relationship with the main composers of the beginning of the century, such as Manuel de Falla and Felipe Pedrell. He is part of almost all the […]

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Ruiz Carnero, Constantino

Constantino Ruiz Carnero

Journalist, writer, politician (acting mayor of Granada in 1936 for two months). He was a member of El Rinconcillo literary gathering and one of the founders in February 1926 of the Ateneo de Granada. He is also part of the driving group promoting the magazines gallo and Pavo devised by his friend García Lorca. In 1929, […]

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Rosales Camacho, Luis

The poet Luis Rosales, friend of Lorca.

Poet and essayist of the Generation of 1936, member of the Royal Academy and the Hispanic Society of America, winner of the 1982 Cervantes Prize. Member of a very conservative family from Granada, linked to Falange; in August 1936, he accepts Federico García Lorca’s request to take him into his family home in Angulo Street […]

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Rodríguez Valdivieso, Eduardo

Eduardo Rodríguez Valdivieso

Poet, bank employee, actor, friend and confidant of Federico García Lorca. Lorca wrote him six of the most intimate and tender letters of his correspondence. Valdivieso visited the poet several times in the summer of 1936 while he was imprisoned at Huerta de san Vicente and was intimidated by groups of armed Falangists. The first upon his […]

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Rodríguez Rapún, Rafael

Rafael Rodriguez Rapun

Mining engineer, secretary of La Barraca since 1933, lover of Lorca and considered as one of the inspirers of the Sonnets of Dark Love. Other more recent research also points to Juan Ramírez de Lucas as an inspirer. He died on the northern front fighting for the Republic. Rodríguez Rapún is one of the great […]

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Rodríguez Espinosa, Antonio

Antonio Rodríguez Espinosa, Federico García Lorca's teacher and mentor in Fuente Vaqueros / Photo: FGL Foundation

Teacher at the school in Fuente Vaqueros. He was there for only three years with Federico García Lorca (from 1898 to 1901), but he maintained a long-lasting friendship and relationship with him and the family. He was his tutor in Almeria. Don Antonio was born in Gabia la Grande (today Las Gabias) at 49 Real […]

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Rivas (de) Cherif, Cipriano

Cipriano Rivas Cherif

Stage director and manager, poet and journalist. He is the greatest renovator of Spanish theater in the first half of the 20th century. Rivas founded a dozen companies -some of them of ephemeral existence-, runs schools as well as chamber and experimental theaters, collaborates with large companies, such as that of Margarita Xirgu, and is […]

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Pizarro Zambrano, Miguel

Miguel Pizarro Zambrano

Spanish poet, professor and diplomat. Friend of Federico García Lorca and other members of the El Rinconcillo literary gathering. He was born in Alájar, Huelva, but when he was very young his family moved to Granada. In this city he studied Philosophy. He was part of the gathering at the Café Alameda, El Rinconcillo, along with […]

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Navarro Pardo, José

José Navarro Pardo

Arabist, professor, journalist and Spanish politician. He was mayor of Granada between January 8 and February 20, 1936. He belonged to the El Rinconcillo literary gathering at the Café Alameda, where he met Federico García Lorca and other artists of the time. He came from a modest family from Guadahortuna who settled in Granada at […]

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Natera Ladrón de Guevara, María Luisa

María Luisa Natera

Young Cordovan girl who, according to the testimony of one of her daughters, met Federico García Lorca as a teenager, in 1916, in the Balneario de Lanjarón spa where the poet’s mother, Vicenta Lorca, used to take the waters to improve a liver ailment. She was the second of the lovers attributed to the poet […]

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Morla Lynch, Carlos

Carlos Morla Lynch

Chilean diplomat, amateur musician and writer. Friend of Federico García Lorca during the Second Republic. He left a memoir and a book about his friendship with the poet. The important correspondence that both maintained, where supposedly they exchange confidences about their relationship, was retained by the diplomat’s family who threatened to destroy it. Son of […]

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Mora Guarnido, José

José Mora Guarnido

Spanish writer and journalist. He was one of the founders of the literary gathering El Rinconcillo at the Café Alameda in Granada. He was a friend of Federico García Lorca and the rest of the members of the tertulia that marked a silver era in the culture of Granada in the twenties. The dictatorship of Primo […]

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Molina Zúñiga, José

José Molina Zúñiga

José Molina Zúñiga was a musician from Granada, friend of Ángel Barrios, Isaac Albéniz, Manuel de Falla and Federico García Lorca, who was part of the cast that participated, with Falla and other supporting musicians, in the puppet show on the Three Kings Day in 1923. His fame came as a member of the Trío […]

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