The Cerro del Aceituno, mentioned by Lorca in this speech, is the hill where the hermitage of San Miguel (St. Michael) is located, a figure to whom Lorca dedicated one of his gypsy ballads. San Miguel was a challenge to the bourgeoisie of Granada. It is part of the pilgrimage that on September 29 was celebrated on the hill of San Miguel or Aceituno (behind the Albaicín) and in the hermitage dedicated to the archangel.
The cult to the saint is in the popular songs. In the poem there are allusions to the pilgrimage and to the custom that existed of giving sunflowers or chestnuts to lovers on this day, as well as to the carving of the saint (from 1675, by Bernardo Francisco de la Mora), an androgynous image that gives rise to the description in the romance of a kind of gay patron saint of Granada. In this speech, Lorca takes us up this hill to listen to the buzz of the city.