Constant elements in the description of the city are its Sierra (Mountain) and Vega (Valley). Sierra Nevada, which can be glimpsed from almost anywhere in the city and which changes with the seasons. La Vega, at the foot of the mountains, are the fields that surround the city with its villages and that nowadays has been reduced by half due to the construction of roads and buildings. In his speech, he mentions some villages of this valley like Armilla, Santa Fe and Atarfe. Federico himself is a child of one of these villages and his work is nourished by all the landscape, folklore and the peasant way of speaking of this Vega of Granada.