On March 26, 1933, in Buenos Aires, in a farewell party to the city, Lorca mounted the Retablillo (Puppet Play) of Don Cristóbal (written in 1930) for his friends there, in an extraordinary performance, at the entrance of the Avenida theater, at dawn, with costumes and sets by Fontanals and puppets by Arancibia. Later on, there was a performance in 1934 by La Barraca, in Spain.

Although the Puppet Play derives from the Tragicomedy, it recovers some features of the traditional farce, far from the classic dramatic form of the first version, even incorporating the spectator in the dynamics of the scene and simplifying the plot and number of characters..