Teatro Español, Madrid, on December 29, 1934. Actors: Margarita Xirgu, Enrique Diosdado, Ricardo Merino, Pilar Muñoz. Carlos Collado, Pedro López Lagar and Eloísa Vigo.
Its premiere was already involved in the hostile atmosphere that preluded the Civil War. Margarita Xirgu’s friendship with Manuel Azaña, whose drama The crown, had starred, and her commitment to the cause of the Republic provoked a hint of rebellion among the conservative public.
The first edition appeared in 1937 in Buenos Aires at the Anaconda Publishing House.