The play premiered in 1927 (on June 24 at the Goya theater in Barcelona and on October 12 at the Fontalba theater in Madrid). The dictatorship of Primo de Rivera prevented Gregorio Martínez Sierra from directing the play, but a year earlier he abandoned the project. Finally, it will be the company of Margarita Xirgu that will premiere the play. Cast: Margarita Xirgu (Mariana Pineda), Carmen Carbonell (Amparo), Eugenia Illescas (Doña Angustia), Pascuala Mesa (Isabel la Clavela), Julia Pachelo (Sor Carmen), Luis Peña padre (Fernando), Alfonso Muñoz (Pedro de Sotomayor), Francisco López Silva (Pedrosa), Luis Peña Illescas (Boy).
The set and costumes were designed by Salvador Dalí. The play was published in the collection called The Farse with drawings by the author himself in 1928. On April 29, 1929 it was premiered in Granada by Margarita Xirgu, at the Cervantes theater (in the Mariana Pineda Square presided over by her statue), shortly before the poet embarked for New York.