Ugarte y Pagés, Eduardo

Eduardo Ugarte

Scenographer, writer, theater and film director, who was born on October 22, 1900, in Fuenterrabía (Guipúzcoa) and died in exile in Mexico on December 30, 1955. After the proclamation of the Second Republic and the appointment of Fernando de los Ríos as Minister of Public Instruction, he accepted García Lorca’s invitation to collaborate in the […]

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Sáenz de la Calzada, Luis

Luis Sáenz de la Calzada

Actor, collaborator and scholar of the traveling theater group La Barraca founded and directed by his friends Federico García Lorca and Eduardo Ugarte (1932 – 1936); he graduated in Biology and also worked as a dentist; he was a scientist, humanist, acting professor of Anthropology and surrealist painter. He was born in León on June […]

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Rivas Mercado Castellanos, María Antonieta

Actress, patron of the arts, writer and cultural promoter, who was born in Mexico City on April 28, 1900, and died by shooting herself in the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris on February 11, 1931, a few months before her 31st birthday and after a double love failure: with her husband, an Englishman whom […]

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Ontañón González, Santiago

Santiago Ontañón

Scenographer, illustrator, playwright, actor and film director, he was born in Santander in 1903. He belonged to the Generation of ’27 and was very active, mainly in the field of theater, with personalities such as Federico García Lorca (in success and failure), Margarita Xirgu, Pepín Bello, Rafael Alberti, María Teresa León, Concha Méndez, Pablo Neruda, […]

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Martínez Sierra, Gregorio

Gregorio Martínez Sierra

A prolific writer, stage designer, scriptwriter, film director and above all stage manager, he was born in Madrid on May 6, 1881 and died in the same city on October 1, 1947. He promoted Modernism through the magazines Helios and Renacimiento. Author of a very extensive range of literature covering almost all genres: dramatic works […]

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León Goyri, María Teresa

Poet, playwright, essayist, intellectual and activist of the Generation of ’27, she married Rafael Alberti in 1932. She Was born in Logroño on October 31, 1903 and died in Majadahonda (Madrid) on December 13, 1988 from Alzheimer’s, a disease of family inheritance and against which she struggles to finish her memoirs. The first symptoms appear […]

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Caballero, José

José Caballero. / Photo:

Spanish painter, draftsman, engraver and scenographer, friend and collaborator of Federico García Lorca. He was born in Huelva in 1915, into a well-to-do family. He studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Huelva, although from the beginning he showed his attachment to surrealism influenced by artists such as Adriano del Valle. In 1929, he […]

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Alberti Merello, Rafael

Rafael Alberti.

Spanish poet and playwright belonging to the Group or Generation of 27. Born in Puerto de Santa Maria (Cadiz) on December 16, 1902. His Italian grandparents and his grandmothers, one Irish and the other from Huelva, were grape harvesters, and according to the poet himself “great bourgeois, owners of vineyards and wineries, Catholics to the […]

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Xirgu Subirá, Margarita

Margarita Xirgu

Margarita Xirgu is a Catalan actress who opened the Spanish theater to the new airs of the twentieth century; eventually she became one of the main actresses of Federico García Lorca and one of those who represented more of his works, from Mariana Pineda, in 1927, to The House of Bernarda Alba, premiered posthumously in […]

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Rodríguez Rapún, Rafael

Rafael Rodriguez Rapun

Mining engineer, secretary of La Barraca since 1933, lover of Lorca and considered as one of the inspirers of the Sonnets of Dark Love. Other more recent research also points to Juan Ramírez de Lucas as an inspirer. He died on the northern front fighting for the Republic. Rodríguez Rapún is one of the great […]

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Rivas (de) Cherif, Cipriano

Cipriano Rivas Cherif

Stage director and manager, poet and journalist. He is the greatest renovator of Spanish theater in the first half of the 20th century. Rivas founded a dozen companies -some of them of ephemeral existence-, runs schools as well as chamber and experimental theaters, collaborates with large companies, such as that of Margarita Xirgu, and is […]

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Membrives Fernández, Lola

Lola Membrives

Argentinean dramatic actress and singer. Daughter of immigrants, she met Federico García Lorca in 1931. She was his introducer in Uruguay and Buenos Aires and one of the most important interpreters of his work. Her parents were from Cádiz and emigrated to Buenos Aires. However, it was in Spain where she began to perform at […]

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Maortua de Ucelay, Pura

Pura Maortua Ucelay

Founder of the Club Teatral de Cultura (Theatrical Culture Club), an amateur company created in 1933 to promote new plays. Federico García Lorca named it Club Anfistora after the 1933 premiere of Don Perlimplín with Belisa in the garden. Pura Maortua was born into a wealthy family of 16 children. Her father was Ramón Maortua, […]

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López Júlvez, Pilar

Pilar López Júlvez

Spanish dancer and choreographer, sister of Encarnación López Júlvez, La Argentinita. She spent her childhood in Madrid. She learned piano and solfège and met important flamenco figures at a very young age. At the age of eleven she began her career independently, reaping success in theaters such as the Romea, La Latina and the Teatro […]

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López Júlvez, Encarnación (La Argentinita)

Encarnación López Júlvez, La Argentinita

Dancer, choreographer, Spanish and flamenco dancer and singer. Friend and collaborator of Federico García Lorca, she recorded with him five gramophone records in 1931, Collection of Popular Spanish Songs, accompanied on the piano by Federico himself. Her parents, Spanish immigrants, interrupted their stay in Argentina in 1901, when she was only three years old, because […]

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Díez-Canedo, Enrique

Enrique Díez-Canedo

Spanish poet, literary critic and translator. Spanish ambassador to Uruguay and Argentina. He was a friend of Federico García Lorca in his Madrid years. Later, as ambassador, they met again in Montevideo, during Lorca’s successful theatrical tour of Uruguay and Argentina with the company of Lola Membrives. As a theatrical critic he published praiseworthy reviews […]

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Bárcena, Catalina

Catalina Bárcena

Catalina de la Cotera París Bárcena was a Spanish actress who, along with Margarita Xirgu and María Guerrero, formed part of the most important group of performers in the history of Spanish theater in the first half of the 20th century. After the Civil War she went into exile in several countries and did not […]

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