Castilla Carmona, Virgilio

Virgilio Castilla

Merchant and politician born in Granada on July 14, 1888. He was a member of the PSOE (Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party), delegate of the Granada Socialist Association in the PSOE Congress of 1931 and vice president of the provincial federation. He was a Freemason. He was a councilman of the Granada City Council in the […]

Read More

Yoldi Bereau, Jesús

Jesús Yoldi Bereau

Professor of Chemistry at the University of Granada, mayor and councilman of the municipal corporation of Granada after the proclamation of the Second Republic. He was an active enthusiast of the new regime and was linked to the intellectual groups of the Silver Age. His relationship with García Lorca was artistic at the beginning and […]

Read More

Vila Hernández, Salvador

Portrait of Dean Salvador Vila. Painting made and incorporated to the Gallery of Deans of the University of Granada in 1976.

Professor, Arabist, disciple of Miguel de Unamuno in Salamanca, where he simultaneously studied Law and Philosophy and Arts thanks to a scholarship; intellectual of international formation, he finished his undergraduate studies in 1924 and continued his specialization in Semitics in Madrid. He was shot on October 23, 1936 in Víznar, in the same place as […]

Read More

Valdés Guzmán, José

José Valdés Guzmán

A Spanish military man by family tradition -his father was a general in the Civil Guard-, veteran of the African campaigns, wounded during the Moroccan War and, from 1936, after actively participating in the preparation of the coup against the Republic, in charge of directing the repression in Granada from his position as civil governor […]

Read More

Trescastro Medina, Juan Luis

Lawyer and conservative politician with an extensive career, member of a family of great influence in the environment of Santa Fe village. In 1934, he became a shareholder and member of the company managing the Granada bullring. He followed in the footsteps of his father, Francisco de Paula Trescastro, a well-known lawyer in the Vega […]

Read More

Torres Martínez, César

César Torres Martínez

Politician and lawyer trained at the University of Santiago de Compostela and civil governor during the Republic in Lugo, Almería, Ávila, Jaén and Granada. In the latter city he was surprised by the begining of the Civil War on July 18, 1936. He was the only authority in Granada during the Second Republic who was […]

Read More

Santa Cruz y Garcés de Marcilla, Juan José

Juan José Santa Cruz and Garcés de Marcilla

Engineer, politician and writer, member of a family of aristocrats: his father was Baron of Andilla and his mother was a descendant of Diego de Marcilla, one of the Lovers of Teruel. He was shot at the beginning of the Civil War in Granada. He developed the main projects that raised the province to the […]

Read More

Ruiz Carnero, Constantino

Constantino Ruiz Carnero

Journalist, writer, politician (acting mayor of Granada in 1936 for two months). He was a member of El Rinconcillo literary gathering and one of the founders in February 1926 of the Ateneo de Granada. He is also part of the driving group promoting the magazines gallo and Pavo devised by his friend García Lorca. In 1929, […]

Read More

Ruiz Alonso, Ramón

Ramón Ruiz Alonso

Typographer, Member of the Parliament of the Confederación Española de Derechas Autónomas (CEDA) party, founded by José María Gil Robles (with whom he met at the Salesianos school in Salamanca) and active member of the squads that sowed terror in Granada after the uprising of July 1936. He is directly involved in the arrest of […]

Read More

Rosales Camacho, Miguel

Miguel Rosales Camacho

Merchant, without university studies, first-born of a conservative family formed by seven other siblings: Esperanza (1906-1998), Antonio (1908-1958), Luis (1910-1998), José (1911-1978) Carlos (1912-1914), Gerardo (1915-1968) and María (1916-2005). Their father was Miguel Rosales Vallecillos, an industrialist who owned a family haberdashery, Almacenes La Esperanza, located in the Arco de las Cucharas, next to the […]

Read More

Rosales Camacho, Luis

The poet Luis Rosales, friend of Lorca.

Poet and essayist of the Generation of 1936, member of the Royal Academy and the Hispanic Society of America, winner of the 1982 Cervantes Prize. Member of a very conservative family from Granada, linked to Falange; in August 1936, he accepts Federico García Lorca’s request to take him into his family home in Angulo Street […]

Read More

Rosales Camacho, José

José Rosales Camacho, 'Pepiniqui'

Merchant, without university studies, member of a conservative family formed by seven other siblings: Miguel (1904-1976), Esperanza (1906-1998), Antonio (1908-1958), Luis (1910-1998), Carlos (1912-1914), Gerardo (1915-1968) and María (1916-2005).  His father was Miguel Rosales Vallecillos, an industrialist who owned a family haberdashery, Almacenes La Esperanza, located in the Arco de las Cucharas, next to the Bib-Rambla […]

Read More

Romero Funes, Julio

Julio Romero Funes

Inspector assigned to the Police Station of Granada who, after the triumph of the uprising against the Republic in 1936, is appointed by the seditious chief of police in charge of directing the fierce repression against thousands of leftist sympathizers. He was born in Cáñar, a tiny village in the Alpujarra. As Captain José Nestares […]

Read More

Roldán Quesada, Horacio

Lawyer, court attorney, farmer. The researchers Miguel Caballero and Pilar Góngora attribute to him a cardinal role in the events that led to the escape of Federico García Lorca from the Huerta de san Vicente farmhouse to the house of the poet Luis Rosales and his subsequent arrest and murder. The brothers Horacio and Miguel […]

Read More

Rojas Feijespán or Feingespán, Manuel

Captain Manuel Rojas

Spanish captain involved in the massacre of Casas Viejas and in the bloody repression that followed the coup against the Republic in Granada. He was the son of a wealthy Granada landowner, Manuel Rojas Cortés, and a woman of German origin named Fernanda Feijespán or Feingespán, who lived between Granada and Madrid. The researchers Miguel […]

Read More

Perea Ruiz, Gabriel

Gabriel Perea’s relatives had been the landlords of the Huerta de san Vicente farmhouse since 1925 when it was acquired by Federico García Rodríguez, father of Federico García Lorca. They had a house attached to the Lorca’s house that its owner had built from scratch. In the home of the landlords of Huerta de san […]

Read More

Nestares Cuéllar, José María

José María Nestares Cuéllar

Spanish military man born in 1900, old shirt (during the Franco dictatorship, those Falange members prior to the 1936 elections were called camisas viejas), trained in Africa under the command of Millán Astray. After the uprising of July 1936 he was appointed delegate of Public Order and head of Security of the Northern Sector of […]

Read More

Leimdörfer, Gerda

Daughter of the editor-in-chief of the Berliner Zeitung am Mittag, Berlin’s leading Jewish newspaper, and wife of Salvador Vila Hernández (Arabist, professor and dean of the University of Granada in 1936). Vila met Gerda in Berlin during a trip for further studies in 1928. She was a 20 -year-old student of Modern Languages and he […]

Read More

González López, Agustina (La Zapatera) (The Shoemaker)

Agustina González López, La Zapatera (The Shoemaker’s Wife)

Agustina González, nicknamed La Zapatera (The Shoemaker), was a politician, writer and artist from Granada. She was a flamboyant character who was considered by some to be a crackpot for her habits and activities. She came from a wealthy family and traveled through Spain and Italy. She declared herself a feminist and a Catholic. She […]

Read More

García Puertas, Enrique (El Marranero) (The Pig Trader)

Mayor of Pinos Puente since the military uprising of 1936, member of the Popular Action party and brutal and bloodthirsty man. He was among the group of armed individuals who on August 9, 1936 arrived at Huerta de San Vicente farmhouse to ask for the brothers of the family’s landlord, Gabriel Perea Ruiz, accusing them […]

Read More

García Labella, Joaquín

Spanish politician, jurist and university professor. Member of the El Rinconcillo at the Café Alameda in the early twentieth century. In it he met other personalities from the world of culture in Granada such as Francisco and Federico García Lorca, Manuel de Falla, José and Manuel Fernández-Montesinos, Hermenegildo Lanz, Manuel Ángeles Ortiz, etc. In La […]

Read More

Galindo González, Dióscoro

Dióscoro Galindo

Teacher in Pulianas and, previously, in Íllora and Santiponce, shot in August 1936 along with Federico García Lorca and the anarchist banderilleros (bullfighters) Juan Arcollas Cabezas and Francisco Galadí Melgar. The popularity achieved after his death next to the poet, has made him a symbol of the Republican teachers repressed by Franco. He was a “humanist […]

Read More

Galadí Melgar, Francisco

Francisco Galadí Melgar

Anarchist banderillero who, with Juan Arcollas Cabezas and the teacher Dióscoro Galindo, was shot alongside Federico García Lorca. Francisco Galadí Melgar and Juan Arcollas Cabezas were well known in Granada as anarchists and, in the bullfighting world, enjoyed well-earned fame as banderilleros. They both belonged to the CNT union, fought against a bosses’ union that […]

Read More

Fernández-Montesinos Lustau, Manuel

Manuel Fernandez-Montesinos. / Photo: FGL Foundation

Spanish doctor and socialist politician, last constitutional mayor of Granada during the 2nd Republic. He was shot by the rebels at the beginning of the Civil War. In the 1920s, he participated in the El Rinconcillo tertulia with his brother José Fernández-Montesinos and Federico García Lorca, among many other artists and intellectuals of Granada at […]

Read More

Camacho Corona, Esperanza

Esperanza Camacho Corona

Mother of the Rosales Camacho brothers, some of whom tried to save the life of Federico García Lorca in the tragic summer of 1936. She was married to Miguel Rosales Vallecillos, a well-known merchant in Granada who ran the shop La Esperanza, located in Bib-Rambla Square. They had eight children: Miguel (1904-1976), Esperanza (1906-1998), Antonio […]

Read More

Benavides Peña, José (Pepe el Romano)

José Benavides Peña, 'Pepe el Romano'

Farmer and landowner, militant of the right-wing Popular Action Party. Federico García Lorca was inspired by him for the character of Pepe el Romano (only nominal, as he does not appear on stage) in The House of Bernarda Alba. According to researchers Miguel Caballero and Pilar Góngora, there is sufficient evidence to suppose that Benavides […]

Read More

Arcollas Cabezas, Joaquín (Juan Arcoyas)

Joaquín Arcollas Cabezas

Joaquín Arcollas Cabezas, alias Magarza, was one of the people killed on August 17 or 18, 1936 along with Federico García Lorca by the pro-Franco military who had taken Granada. The anarchist banderilleros (bullfighters) Arcoyas Cabezas and Francisco Galadí, the teacher Dióscoro Galindo and the poet were taken together to Víznar, to La Colonia (building […]

Read More