Lorca defined his rural tragedy in this way: “Yerma is a body of typical tragedy that I have dressed in modern clothes; it is, above everything else, the image of fertility punished by sterility. A soul which destiny has targeted as a victim of the infertile. In fact, I wanted to make the living poem of infertility, using the dead line of the infertile. And it is from there, from the opposite of the sterile and the life-giving, that I draw the tragic profile of the play (…). Yerma is my fourth play. And I couldn’t feel more disappointed than if people thought that my theatrical work culminated in any of the titles already known”. (Interview by Alfredo Muñiz in El Heraldo de Madrid on December 26, 1934).