Lorca begins to write the poems in 1921. On January 1, 1922 he tells Salazar that he would ensure that the publication of the collection coincided with the aforementioned contest, but it will not be published until May 23, 1931, in the Ulises publishing house, in Madrid. He ended up preparing it with the help of Martínez Nadal. He had been announcing its publication along with Suites and Songs since 1925.