Zalamea Borda, Jorge

Jorge Zalamea Borda

The poet, essayist, playwright and politician Jorge Zalamea Borda was born in Bogotá (Colombia) in March 1905, where, at a very young age, he became an active and valued example of the culture of the first half of the 20th century. Committed to the cause of the poor, he wrote poetry, plays and essays, and […]

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Pemán y Permartín, José María

José María Pemán

Writer, journalist and politician attached to the conservative monarchy, apologist of the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera; he played an active role in the overthrow of the Second Republic and then in the support of the Franco dictatorship, in whose organizational chart he held positions of responsibility since the military coup. He was born […]

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Neruda, Pablo (Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto)

Pablo Neruda

Poet, diplomat affiliated since 1945 to the Communist Party, born in the city of Parral (central Chile) on July 12, 1904, under the name of Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto, later legally changed to the pseudonym. He is one of the 26 authors of the canon of western literature elaborated by Harold Bloom. He received […]

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Fernández-Montesinos García-Lorca, Manuel

Manuel Fernandez Montesinos

Politician and trade unionist from Granada, nephew of Federico García Lorca. He was executor and spokesman for the poet’s heirs, as well as promoter, secretary and president of the Federico García Lorca Foundation. He was born in Granada in 1932, son of Concha García Lorca and Manuel Fernández-Montesinos Lustau, doctor and mayor of Granada until […]

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Castilla Carmona, Virgilio

Virgilio Castilla

Merchant and politician born in Granada on July 14, 1888. He was a member of the PSOE (Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party), delegate of the Granada Socialist Association in the PSOE Congress of 1931 and vice president of the provincial federation. He was a Freemason. He was a councilman of the Granada City Council in the […]

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Azaña Díaz, Manuel

Manuel Azaña

Spanish politician and writer. He was president of the Council of Ministers from 1931 to 1933 and president of the Second Republic from 1936 to 1939. He was a contemporary and friend of Federico García Lorca, brother-in-law of Cipriano Rivas Cherif and friend of Margarita Xirgu. He was born in Alcalá de Henares in 1880. […]

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Yoldi Bereau, Jesús

Jesús Yoldi Bereau

Professor of Chemistry at the University of Granada, mayor and councilman of the municipal corporation of Granada after the proclamation of the Second Republic. He was an active enthusiast of the new regime and was linked to the intellectual groups of the Silver Age. His relationship with García Lorca was artistic at the beginning and […]

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Valdés Guzmán, José

José Valdés Guzmán

A Spanish military man by family tradition -his father was a general in the Civil Guard-, veteran of the African campaigns, wounded during the Moroccan War and, from 1936, after actively participating in the preparation of the coup against the Republic, in charge of directing the repression in Granada from his position as civil governor […]

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Trescastro Medina, Juan Luis

Lawyer and conservative politician with an extensive career, member of a family of great influence in the environment of Santa Fe village. In 1934, he became a shareholder and member of the company managing the Granada bullring. He followed in the footsteps of his father, Francisco de Paula Trescastro, a well-known lawyer in the Vega […]

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Torres Martínez, César

César Torres Martínez

Politician and lawyer trained at the University of Santiago de Compostela and civil governor during the Republic in Lugo, Almería, Ávila, Jaén and Granada. In the latter city he was surprised by the begining of the Civil War on July 18, 1936. He was the only authority in Granada during the Second Republic who was […]

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Soriano Lapresa (or de la Presa), Francisco

Francisco Soriano Lapresa, portrait of Manuel Ángeles Ortiz.

Lawyer, professor of Law and professor of the music conservatory of Granada, graduated in Philosophy and Arts, influential member of El Rinconcillo; an exotic character, highly cultured and a “perfect dilettante”, according to Francisco García Lorca; member of the Regionalist League of Cambó, UGT trade unionist and qualified representative of the PSOE in the 10th […]

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Santa Cruz y Garcés de Marcilla, Juan José

Juan José Santa Cruz and Garcés de Marcilla

Engineer, politician and writer, member of a family of aristocrats: his father was Baron of Andilla and his mother was a descendant of Diego de Marcilla, one of the Lovers of Teruel. He was shot at the beginning of the Civil War in Granada. He developed the main projects that raised the province to the […]

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Ruiz Alonso, Ramón

Ramón Ruiz Alonso

Typographer, Member of the Parliament of the Confederación Española de Derechas Autónomas (CEDA) party, founded by José María Gil Robles (with whom he met at the Salesianos school in Salamanca) and active member of the squads that sowed terror in Granada after the uprising of July 1936. He is directly involved in the arrest of […]

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Navarro Pardo, José

José Navarro Pardo

Arabist, professor, journalist and Spanish politician. He was mayor of Granada between January 8 and February 20, 1936. He belonged to the El Rinconcillo literary gathering at the Café Alameda, where he met Federico García Lorca and other artists of the time. He came from a modest family from Guadahortuna who settled in Granada at […]

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Morla Lynch, Carlos

Carlos Morla Lynch

Chilean diplomat, amateur musician and writer. Friend of Federico García Lorca during the Second Republic. He left a memoir and a book about his friendship with the poet. The important correspondence that both maintained, where supposedly they exchange confidences about their relationship, was retained by the diplomat’s family who threatened to destroy it. Son of […]

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González López, Agustina (La Zapatera) (The Shoemaker)

Agustina González López, La Zapatera (The Shoemaker’s Wife)

Agustina González, nicknamed La Zapatera (The Shoemaker), was a politician, writer and artist from Granada. She was a flamboyant character who was considered by some to be a crackpot for her habits and activities. She came from a wealthy family and traveled through Spain and Italy. She declared herself a feminist and a Catholic. She […]

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García-Valdecasas and García-Valdecasas, Alfonso

Alfonso García-Valdecasas

Professor of Civil Law, Spanish lawyer and politician. He was born in Montefrío. His father and brother were also professors of civil law in Granada. He was a friend of Federico García Lorca, somewhat younger than him. He belonged to the group of El Rinconcillo at the Café Alameda. He was one of the university […]

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García Labella, Joaquín

Spanish politician, jurist and university professor. Member of the El Rinconcillo at the Café Alameda in the early twentieth century. In it he met other personalities from the world of culture in Granada such as Francisco and Federico García Lorca, Manuel de Falla, José and Manuel Fernández-Montesinos, Hermenegildo Lanz, Manuel Ángeles Ortiz, etc. In La […]

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Gallego Burín, Antonio

Antonio Gallego Burín. Photo: Ideal

Art historian, university professor, writer and Spanish politician. Best known for having been mayor of Granada after the military uprising of 1936. He was for a time a close friend of Federico García Lorca. He belonged to the El Rinconcillo tertulia of the Café Alameda in the early twentieth century. There he met personalities of […]

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Fernández-Montesinos Lustau, Manuel

Manuel Fernandez-Montesinos. / Photo: FGL Foundation

Spanish doctor and socialist politician, last constitutional mayor of Granada during the 2nd Republic. He was shot by the rebels at the beginning of the Civil War. In the 1920s, he participated in the El Rinconcillo tertulia with his brother José Fernández-Montesinos and Federico García Lorca, among many other artists and intellectuals of Granada at […]

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De los Ríos Urruti, Fernando

A leading figure in Spanish socialist thought, he was a professor of law at the University of Granada and the University of Madrid. As Minister of Education and Minister of Public Instruction, respectively, during the Republic, he wrote essays such as The Humanist Sense of Socialism (1926) and State and Church in 16th Century Spain […]

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