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Federico García Lorca: the birth of a theatrical revolution. 100 years since the premiere of ‘The butterfly’s evil spell’

100 years premiere The butterfly’s evil spell

The Federico García Lorca Center Consortium and the Federico García Lorca Foundation organize the exhibition Federico García Lorca: the birth of a theatrical revolution (100 years since the premiere of The butterfly’s evil spell), curated by Emilio Peral Vega and produced by the Federico García Lorca Center Consortium based on a proposal made by the Federico García Lorca Foundation, with the collaboration of CaixaBank.

The butterfly’s evil spell was the first theatrical premiere of Federico García Lorca. It took place on March 22, 1920 at the Eslava Theater in Madrid, home of the Art Theater, one of the most avant-garde theaters among those built in the capital, in charge of which was the playwright and stage manager Gregorio Martínez Sierra. Federico had conceived that little gem, starring a group of cockroaches, a scorpion and a butterfly, to be performed by puppets. It was his particular tribute to the European symbolist tradition, which had paid homage to animal dramas, with Maerterlinck and Rostand at the helm, as metaphors of reflection on the life of men. Finally, Martínez Sierra strived for a conventional resolution more in keeping, in his opinion, with the Eslava’s audience: a performance by conventional actors, dressed in costumes by the Uruguayan painter Rafael Barradas, led by Catalina Bárcena, the company’s leading actress in the role of Curianito, and La Argentinita, as the Butterfly.


Federico García Lorca Center
Plaza de la Romanilla s/n
GRANADA, 18001 España


4 November, 2020
2 May, 2021
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Federico García Lorca Center
Federico García Lorca Foundation