Romero Murube, Joaquín

Joaquín Romero Murube

He was an article writer, poet, Seville City Hall official, director (warden) of the Alcázar from 1934 to 1969 and a contemporary of the Generation of ’27. He was born in Los Palacios y Villafranca (Seville) on July 18, 1904, and died in the Andalusian capital in 1969. He met Federico García Lorca at the […]

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Aleixandre y Merlo, Vicente

Vicente Aleixandre

Poet belonging to the Generation of ’27, who was born in Seville in 1898 (“Seville was for me the lightning of my birth”, he writes in the sketch he dedicates to another illustrious fellow countryman, Luis Cernuda) and died in Madrid in December 1984. He won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1977 and, long […]

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Osorio, Marta (Josefina Garrido)

Marta Osorio

Researcher, actress and writer, mainly of children’s books, was born in Granada on February 29, 1924, and died in the same city on August 3, 2016. Due to a series of fortuitous and tragic circumstances she was the recipient of the legacy of the also writer and journalist Agustín Penón, which contains the unfinished manuscripts, […]

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Zambrano Alarcón, María

María Zambrano Alarcón

Philosopher, essayist and writer born in Vélez-Málaga on April 22, 1904, although she was registered in the Civil Registry three days later due to her father’s doubts that she could survive because of her weak health (“I was born half dead, to the point of reaching the edge of death, shrouded even”, she wrote from […]

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Zalamea Borda, Jorge

Jorge Zalamea Borda

The poet, essayist, playwright and politician Jorge Zalamea Borda was born in Bogotá (Colombia) in March 1905, where, at a very young age, he became an active and valued example of the culture of the first half of the 20th century. Committed to the cause of the poor, he wrote poetry, plays and essays, and […]

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Villalón-Daoíz y Halcón, Fernando

Fernando Villalón was a peculiar and fascinating character, almost indefinable if you add up all the titles and hobbies he accumulated in his short life. He was a cattle rancher, as well as a writer and aristocrat (he was Count of Miraflores de los Ángeles), farm owner (among other estates he owned the Cortijo de […]

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Sánchez Mejías, Ignacio

Bullfighter and multifaceted man: president of Betis (football club), actor, polo player, writer, friend of the members of the Generation of ’27 and sponsor of the founding meeting of this literary group together with the cattle rancher Fernando Villalón. He was born in Seville on June 6, 1891, and died in Madrid on August 13, […]

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Salinas Serrano, Pedro

Pedro Salinas Serrano

Professor, poet, playwright, essayist and editor, he was born in Madrid on November 27, 1891, and died in exile in Boston (United States) on December 4, 1951. Like other members, known as “teacher poets”, of the Generation of ’27, he stood out for his brilliant academic career that developed inside and outside Spain. In 1914, […]

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Pemán y Permartín, José María

José María Pemán

Writer, journalist and politician attached to the conservative monarchy, apologist of the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera; he played an active role in the overthrow of the Second Republic and then in the support of the Franco dictatorship, in whose organizational chart he held positions of responsibility since the military coup. He was born […]

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Ortega y Gasset, José

José Ortega y Gasset

Philosopher and essayist located in the Novecentismo cultural movement, of great influence in Spain in the first third of the twentieth century. He was born in Madrid on May 9, 1883 and died in the same city on October 18, 1955. The influence of his ideas, expressed in books and articles, can be traced in almost […]

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Neruda, Pablo (Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto)

Pablo Neruda

Poet, diplomat affiliated since 1945 to the Communist Party, born in the city of Parral (central Chile) on July 12, 1904, under the name of Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto, later legally changed to the pseudonym. He is one of the 26 authors of the canon of western literature elaborated by Harold Bloom. He received […]

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Molina Fajardo, Eduardo

Eduardo Molina Fajardo

Journalist and writer of Falangist ideology born in Granada on November 14, 1914, he was in charge of several newspapers during the Franco regime. He is the author of The Last Days of García Lorca, a documented study on the circumstances of the assassination of Federico García Lorca, which he never finished. The book, reconstructed […]

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Machado Ruiz, Antonio

Antonio Machado

Emblematic writer of the Generation of ’98 who cultivated poetry, theater and narrative. He was born in Seville on July 25, 1875 and died in Colliure (France) on February 22, 1939 while trying to cross the Pyrenees on his way to exile with his mother and brother José. His personal training, from his youth, was […]

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Hernández Gilabert, Miguel

Miguel Hernández

Spanish writer belonging to the Generation of 1936. He was born in Orihuela (Alicante) in October 1910 into a family of seven siblings of which only four survived. His father was dedicated to the breeding and sale of cattle, a business in which Miguel had to help until he went to Madrid, hence his nickname […]

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Diego Cendoya, Gerardo

Gerardo Diego

Writer of the Generation of ’27, friend and fellow writer of Federico García Lorca. He was born in Santander on October 3, 1896. He studied Philosophy and Arts in Deusto and obtained his doctorate degree in Madrid. After obtaining a position as a professor of Language and Literature in 1920, he taught in high schools […]

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Darío, Rubén (Félix Rubén García Sarmiento)

Rubén Darío

Nicaraguan writer and diplomat, maximum representative of literary Modernism in the Spanish language. He influenced all Spanish writers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Federico García Lorca was formed with his poetry and in his first texts the guidance of this author is clearly perceived. In Rubén Darío he found not only a […]

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Chacel Arimón, Rosa Clotilde

Rosa Chacel

Spanish writer of the Generation of ’27, grandniece of the writer José Zorrilla and contemporary of Federico García Lorca. She was born in Valladolid on June 3, 1898. Her family educated her in a cultured and free-thinking environment without her attending school for health reasons. She was taught by her mother, who was a teacher, […]

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Cernuda Bidón o Bidou, Luis

Luis Cernuda

Spanish writer of the Generation of ’27, born in Seville in 1902, to a military father. He began to read and write poetry at a very young age. He studied law in Seville in 1919 and was taught by Pedro Salinas, who was his true initiator in the reading of Spanish and French classics. In […]

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Bergamín Gutiérrez, José

José Bergamín. Photo: Royal Academy of History

Spanish writer, friend, editor and generation mate of Federico García Lorca. He wrote poetry, plays and essays. He was born in Madrid in 1895. He was the son of a minister of the Restoration, Francisco Bergamín García, and Rosario Gutiérrez, a very Catholic woman from whom he inherited his religious sentiment. He was the youngest […]

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Baroja y Nessi, Pío

Pío Baroja

Spanish writer of the Generation of 1898, whom Federico García Lorca read and admired and with whom he met up with on occasion despite the age difference. He was born in San Sebastian in 1872. He mostly wrote novels, although he also wrote plays. He was the brother of the writers Carmen Baroja and Ricardo […]

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Azaña Díaz, Manuel

Manuel Azaña

Spanish politician and writer. He was president of the Council of Ministers from 1931 to 1933 and president of the Second Republic from 1936 to 1939. He was a contemporary and friend of Federico García Lorca, brother-in-law of Cipriano Rivas Cherif and friend of Margarita Xirgu. He was born in Alcalá de Henares in 1880. […]

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Vila Hernández, Salvador

Portrait of Dean Salvador Vila. Painting made and incorporated to the Gallery of Deans of the University of Granada in 1976.

Professor, Arabist, disciple of Miguel de Unamuno in Salamanca, where he simultaneously studied Law and Philosophy and Arts thanks to a scholarship; intellectual of international formation, he finished his undergraduate studies in 1924 and continued his specialization in Semitics in Madrid. He was shot on October 23, 1936 in Víznar, in the same place as […]

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Scheroff y Avi, Martín

Martín Scheroff

Graduate in Pharmacy, poet and amateur playwright, press collaborator and support teacher of Federico and Francisco García Lorca at the Sagrado Corazón de Jesús School while they were studying for their baccalaureate at the General and Technical College in Granada from 1909. He teaches the subject of Literature and Preceptive. He appears with names and […]

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Santa Cruz y Garcés de Marcilla, Juan José

Juan José Santa Cruz and Garcés de Marcilla

Engineer, politician and writer, member of a family of aristocrats: his father was Baron of Andilla and his mother was a descendant of Diego de Marcilla, one of the Lovers of Teruel. He was shot at the beginning of the Civil War in Granada. He developed the main projects that raised the province to the […]

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Ruiz Carnero, Constantino

Constantino Ruiz Carnero

Journalist, writer, politician (acting mayor of Granada in 1936 for two months). He was a member of El Rinconcillo literary gathering and one of the founders in February 1926 of the Ateneo de Granada. He is also part of the driving group promoting the magazines gallo and Pavo devised by his friend García Lorca. In 1929, […]

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Rosales Camacho, Luis

The poet Luis Rosales, friend of Lorca.

Poet and essayist of the Generation of 1936, member of the Royal Academy and the Hispanic Society of America, winner of the 1982 Cervantes Prize. Member of a very conservative family from Granada, linked to Falange; in August 1936, he accepts Federico García Lorca’s request to take him into his family home in Angulo Street […]

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Rivas (de) Cherif, Cipriano

Cipriano Rivas Cherif

Stage director and manager, poet and journalist. He is the greatest renovator of Spanish theater in the first half of the 20th century. Rivas founded a dozen companies -some of them of ephemeral existence-, runs schools as well as chamber and experimental theaters, collaborates with large companies, such as that of Margarita Xirgu, and is […]

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Pizarro Zambrano, Miguel

Miguel Pizarro Zambrano

Spanish poet, professor and diplomat. Friend of Federico García Lorca and other members of the El Rinconcillo literary gathering. He was born in Alájar, Huelva, but when he was very young his family moved to Granada. In this city he studied Philosophy. He was part of the gathering at the Café Alameda, El Rinconcillo, along with […]

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Navarro Pardo, José

José Navarro Pardo

Arabist, professor, journalist and Spanish politician. He was mayor of Granada between January 8 and February 20, 1936. He belonged to the El Rinconcillo literary gathering at the Café Alameda, where he met Federico García Lorca and other artists of the time. He came from a modest family from Guadahortuna who settled in Granada at […]

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Martínez Nadal, Rafael

Rafael Martinez Nadal

Writer and journalist, close friend of Federico García Lorca. He maintained a copious correspondence with him and has provided numerous valuable testimonies about his life and work. He is considered the sole repository of the work The Public, which he unveiled in 1970. However, Isabel García Lorca doubts in her memoirs, My Memories, published in […]

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Jiménez Mantecón, Juan Ramón

Juan Ramón Jiménez

Spanish poet, winner of the Nobel Prize in 1956, one of the representatives of the current of pure poetry, included by critics within the literary Noucentisme of the early twentieth century. Closely linked to the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students’ Residence), he was a teacher of the young poets of the Generation of ’27. He became […]

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Guillén Álvarez, Jorge

Jorge Guillén Álvarez

Spanish poet and literary critic. He was part of the Generation of ’27 along with Federico García Lorca, Rafael Alberti, Pedro Salinas, Gerardo Diego, Concha Méndez, Manuel Altolaguirre, Emilio Prados, etc. With García Lorca he maintained a close friendship since the years of the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students’ Residence), which his correspondence shows. Although Jorge […]

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García Gómez, Emilio

Emilio García Gómez

Philologist, Arabist, translator, academic of language and history, 1992 Prince of Asturias Award for Communication and Humanities… With his Arabic-Andalusian poems he greatly influenced the poetry of the Generation of ’27 and, above all, that of Federico García Lorca with whom he shared a friendship. In 1930, he was awarded the chair of Arabic Language […]

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Fernández Almagro, Melchor

Melchor Fernández Almagro

Spanish literary critic, historian and journalist. He was one of the regulars at the El Rinconcillo tertulia and one of the main confidants of young Lorca, with whom he exchanged an important collection of over 60 letters from all periods of the author’s life. He was a leading figure in the group, an authority on […]

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Camprubí Aymar, Zenobia

Zenobia Camprubí

Spanish writer and translator, wife of the poet and Nobel Prize winner Juan Ramón Jiménez whom she met at the Residencia de Estudiantes (Students’ Residence) in 1913 and married in 1916. Also at the Residencia she met Federico García Lorca, with whom the couple took a trip to Granada in the summer of 1924 which, decades […]

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Blanco-Amor, Eduardo

Eduardo Blanco Amor

Galician writer and journalist trained in Argentina. He met Federico García Lorca in 1933, through their common friend Ernesto Guerra da Cal. He was his friend and editor of one of the last books published during his lifetime, Six Galician Poems. At a very young age he began working as a journalist for Galician newspapers […]

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Ayala García-Duarte, Francisco

Francisco Ayala. Photo: Francisco Ayala Foundation.

Spanish writer born in Granada who excelled in all literary genres except poetry (he only wrote one poem in his life). He was the author of short stories and novels, essayist, translator and press correspondent. During his long life he worked in Europe and America as a jurist and sociologist. He joined the Royal Academy […]

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Afán de Ribera y González de Arévalo, Antonio Joaquín

Antonio Joaquín Effort of Ribera

Journalist, poet, short story writer and playwright. He studied law and literature in Granada, becoming a judge in this city. Director of the Liceo Artístico y Literario (Artistic and Literary Lyceum) and full academic of Bellas Artes (Fine Arts) of Granada. Member of the Cofradía del Avellano (Brotherhood of Avellano Fountain), along with Ángel Ganivet […]

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